Nowadays in addition to Iran Nowruz1 is celebrated in other countries of the region. "Nowruz" is an ancient ritual celebration of all lands with Persian culture.
A celebration to commemorate the arrival of the spring and the New Year.
Today in Iran, the Middle East countries, the Caucasus, the Indian subcontinent and the Balkans, the first day of the first month of the year, the farvardin's First, which is exactly determined by the state of the earth and the beginning of the spring, is celebrated as Nowruz. Although With the efforts of twelve countries led by Iran, Nowruz was registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List, in 2016 it was re-enacted with some changes.
Various stories have been made about the birth of Nowruz. In Ferdowsi's Shahnameh, it is said that Nowruz is the day when the Persian King the "Jamshid Shah" has become the Persian emperor.
The ritual of the Nowruz celebration has been portrayed on the walls of the Achaemenid capital, Paarseh, also called Persepolis. One of the stories about the construction of Persepolis is that it was built and prepared for Nowruz celebrations.
The ritual of Nowruz is divided into three parts: before Nowruz, Night and Day of Nowruz, and after Nowruz.
The ceremonies before the Nowruz are Chaharshanbe-Suri2, the "Haji Firuz" and "Amu Nowruz" songs and shows, house cleaning, baking bread and cookies, cooking samano, buying new clothes and preparing the "Sabzeh".
Among the rituals of day and night of Nowruz, are decorating the Haft-sin, sprinkling rosewater, illuminating lights and candles at the house, cooking Sabzi-polo with fish for dinner, offering gifts to the younger, having parties and gatherings with friend and relatives, and after the Nowruz ceremonies are, family travels, sightseeing in nature the Sizdah-Be-Dar.
The Haft-Sin also known as "Khaan –e Nowruzi" is a part of many rituals of Gahambars ceremonies, among Iranian. There are seven basic elements and several sub-elements in the Haft-sin. About the basic elements can say that garlic is the symbol of purity, Sabzeh is the symbol of Vitality and apple is a symbol of fertility. These three elements represent the three colors of the Iranian flag; it can also be said that Samano vinegar is the symbol of immortality and patience, and Sumach symbolizes bondage, love and warmth of life. Of the Haft-Sin sub-elements should also refer to water, mirror, flowers, colored eggs, coins, candles, nuts and sweets.