Pardeh Khani (story telling)
During the Safavid rule, European travels to the capital of that time, Isfahan became more and more. Hence, the narrative biography was also reflected in the travelogues by these tourists. It was during this period that the narratives found their main hangouts, traditional teahouses, where men gathered for hours to drink tea and spend time. The narratives went to this places, and in the days when there was still no radio, cinema and television, they entertained people. It was then that the Narratives used painting boards to add visual attractions to their storytelling.
They hanged it on the wall of the tea house and, like a teacher who teaches on a
Blackboard, narrated the story Scene by scene.
Ta'zieh is a kind of "narrative theater", symbolism is so strong in this show, that all the details of the stage, such as the river, the weapons, and the armies, are represented by a symbol. For example, a water container symbolizes the Euphrates River, a plant or pot, is the symbol of the palm garden! Walking or running actors around the scene, is the symbol of passing time, as well as the journey of the army.
This way of displaying, shows the true picture of the battle scene in the minds of the audience, and leads to mourning. Nowadays, in some cities of Iran, such as Isfahan
and Kashan, during
Ta'zieh is held in places like the hoseynieh and the Tekieh.