Among the areas where carpet weaving is still traditionally widespread, Fars province in southern Iran and Kashan city in central Iran have unique motifs and textures. Thus they were registered on UNESCO Intangible Heritage List in 2010. Carpets in Fars province are of interest because they weave carpets without any pattern, and usually embody what they have in mind from their surroundings.
Therefore not any two carpets can be found similar. But the story of carpet is different in Kashan. The pattern of Kashan's carpet is pre-designed with a certain elegance. Patterns such as flowers and plants, animals, foliage, and also historical scenes are drawn and provided to the carpet weavers. The craftsmen also weaves the carpet in a "Persian knot" style. So that on the back of the carpet, there is a set of knots with the exact pattern of the front. But there are short threads on it which have a unique elegance and beauty.
You can go to the Iranian Carpet Museum for visiting a unique collection of
. The museum exhibits an unsurpassed treasure of the most valuable carpets from the ninth century to the contemporary period. In the galleries of this museum, more than 135 carpets from all parts of Iran, especially important carpet weaving areas such as Kashan, Kerman, Isfahan, Tabriz, Khorasan, and Kurdistan are presented. The museum building consists of two floors. The first floor features carpets, rugs and drugget from various ancient periods and different cities of Iran, and the second floor is a carpet show gallery. The museum also has a library of about 3500 book specialy writen about carpets in Arabic, Persian, French, English, and German.