to get rid of the negative aspects in life and to rid the evil eye by making vows or sacrificing cattle, this is the definition of vow in Iran. People in Iran vow to god to do something for charity. hence if they meet their needs, they donate votive offerings as a public service. distributing votive offerings to people, which is still very common
among Iranians during Muharram, is performed in various forms throughout Iran.
Votive offerings in public Mourning ceremonies
A popular way of vow in Iran is to cook
and give away to Imam Hussain’s mourners. To make this vow, they prepare foods for the mourners and donate among them as dinner after the ceremony. Varieties of food and its amount are depending on the owner of the vow who may be a rich person from the middle class or even from the poor. Therefore, in the month of
, especially the first 10 days of this month, votive food is prepared in each part of city for the sake of charity and respect of Imam Hussein and the martyrs of Karbala. One of the common foods in these votive offerings is rice with stew. Traditionally, this vow was due to the lack of rice at that time, to the specific group and individuals who were able to purchase these products. They made a vow by cooking rice early in the morning and preparing meat, and add spices to the food and gave it to the people. Food distribution is in this way that a group, generally neighbors and acquaintances, send out their dishes and pots a day before, when the votive food is prepared, the owner fills the dishes and send them back. Votive food is also sent to relatives. But most of the food is distributed among the poor and needy people, who usually gather in front of the door of the owner's house.