Ancient Castles of Iran, Part 2
In the previous blog we talked about five of the most famous Iranian castles, in the flowing you will be introduced to five other fascinating Iranian castles .
Rudkhan Castle
Fuman was considered as the western capital of Guilan province. The geopolitical importance of the city and the area led the Seljuk governors to build the Rudkhan Castle. The name "Rudkhan" is derived from the word river which refers to the river that runs around the castle. Although some scholars attribute the castle's history to the Sassanid era, the results of the thermoluminescence dating experiments, as well as the inscriptions which are kept at Rasht Museum, indicate that the castle was reconstructed in the 15th century by Sultan Hesamuddin the Seljuk King.
The name of the castle has always been associated with war and resistance. From the Ismailis which used it as their headquarters in Gilan, until the contemporary period in which Mirza Kuchak Khan had taken refuge in it. When you enter the castle, you will see tall towers surrounding the gate. The upper hollow space of these towers allowed the guards to observe around the castle carefully. The main part of the tower located on the west side of the castle, is the alcove. The Rudkhan Castle also had reservoir which used to store water for summer consumption during the winter. To conquer the Rudkhan Castle, the invaders had to climb about a thousand stone steps on the hillside!
Salasel Castle of Shushtar
Shushtar is known for its Historical Hydraulic Systems. The same structure that shows the world the antiquity of the water engineering in Iran. But this structure is not the only ancient site to visit in Shushtar. Salasel Castle in Khuzestan province, which is listed as one of the national monuments in Iran, is located on a single bed facing the Karun River and above the northernmost part of Shushtar. The area of this rock bed, which is an oval, is about 3 and a half acres wide. This stone structure is overlooking the Karun River from three sides and in the southern part a moat protects it. due to this strategic position, the castle was used as the headquarter on the main road to Shushtar until the end of the Qajar period.
Behestan castle
Behestan Fort is located 10 km southeast of Mahneshan and 100 kilometers west of Zanjan near the Ghezel Ozan River and Behestan village, on the south coast of the Ghezel Ozen River, which originates from the “chehelcheshmeh” heights in Kurdistan and eventually flows into the Caspian Sea. the Sandstone fortress is standing 2500 meters high above the sea level. Over the mountain. The Behestan castle history dates back to ancient Iran and was the habitat of people from the Middle Ages, from 1300 to 500 years ago. If you are interested in geology or history, for visiting this interesting and unique castle closely, just take a tour to Mahneshan in in Kurdistan province.
Bampour castle
Bampour castle in Iranshahr is one of the most important castles in the whole area of Sistan and Baluchistan province, built on a hilltop. The castle, which was a military complex at the time of its construction, was strategically positioned to defend against military invasion. It is believed that the history of Bampour fort goes back to the Sassanid era. castles like Bampour including Ghale Dokhtar fort and Bam Castle also belong to this era. Also, in 1960, an English archaeologist excavated part of the Bampour Castle hills and obtained traces of prehistoric times.
Bampour castle has an adobe structure. The western and eastern walls each have cylindrical towers. Needless to say that each of the four watchtowers, only two towers remain with 2 meters high. There is also a well inside the castle. The height of the artificial hill on which the castle is located is 80 meters. The castle consists of three parts: the lower structure, the middle structure and the upper structure. The lower part of the castle includes the main walls, the entrance and exit doors, along with several towers to protect the castle. Residential houses were in the middle section and commanders were based in the upper part of the castle.
Kharanaq Castle
Kharanaq Castle is a structure from the post-Islamic era and it is located in Ardakan city in Yazd province. The Kharanaq castle, along with its tower and rampart, dates back to the Sassanid era. The area of this castle is more than 1 acer and is one of the largest residential castles in Yazd province. Among the highlights of the castle's architecture is the turns and twists of alleys that make it difficult for bandits and thieves to cross.
The castle consists of eighty houses, most of them are two or three stories high, and it was designed and built to suit the economic ability and social status of the castle dwellers. The walls of the castle are made of clay bricks, and the roof is covered with wooden pillars and straw.

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