Persia and the Great kingdom of Darius
Darius the Great, the fourth king of the Achaemenid Empire, ruled the Persian Empire in its greatest time. The empire had extended from Caucasus and western Asia to Macedonia (the present Balkans). the Black sea, central Asia to Africa, including parts of Libya and Egypt. The official language of the great Persian Empire was established in the time of Darius the great. Darius was a Persian nobleman. The Empire of Persia had reached its peak under the reign of Darius the Great, from the Balkan Peninsula of Europe, in pasts of Bulgaria, Romania and Ukraine to the Indus River valley in northwest India and south to Egypt. The Iranians were the first people to establish regular links between the three continents of Africa Asia and Europe. They built many new
, roads and developed the world’s first postal service.
The Persian culture
The ancient Iranians of the Achaemenid Empire showed the world various forms of art including metalwork,
and traditional architecture. As the Pars Empire expanded, other art centers of early civilization developed a new way of influencing these sources. Ancient Iranian culture was to the extent that the earliest stone wall paintings were depicted by the Persians, depicting complex
, riding scenes and battle victories. Persian culture was a rich culture in all arts. The origin of
weaving in Iran goes back to nomad tribes. Ancient Persians made great use of this art and hand weaved carpets, which were renowned for their meticulous design and bright colors.