The Kurdish ethnicity is one of the
, living in an area of 500,000 square kilometers in central Asia and the Middle East in Iran.
Kurdistanat consists of parts of Iranian Kurdistan, Turkey, Iraq and Syrian Kurdistan. All of these lands were part of Iran and a large part of it was given to the Ottoman government during the years 1512-1520. After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire the Kurds moved to four countries of Turkey, Iraq, Syria and Iran.
The Kurds of Iran
The earliest inhabitants of western Iran were people named Kurteh Kurduk and Kurto, who lived about 8,000 BC. The people later merged with Aryan tribes called Medes and migrated from western Siberia about 3,000 BC to the west of Iran and were all named Kurds and succeeded in establishing the Aryan government in western Iran and became the first Iranian cities. They created.
, the Greek historian and philosopher, called the whole of the western region about 2,400 years ago Kurduk, Sharaf Khan Badlisi, the tenth-century historian in his book the Sharafnameh, also interpreted the word Kurd as; courage because most of the renowned heroes of this tribe, including the most famous Iranian heroes who also were mentioned in
, were also bore in this Area.
Kurdish Language, Customs and Religious Origin
Kurdish is a dialect of Hindu-European languages in the category of Western Iranian languages, Kurdish is not really a single language and does not mean a standard language at all and is a set of Sorani, Kormanji and some other dialects. The majorities of Kurds are Muslims and mostly
and follow Shafi'i jurisprudence. Kurds, like other Iranians, have a rich culture and a deeply rooted tradition.
One of the
in Kurdistan is the 'boo-keh Baran", which is a form of prayer for rain during the drought days. At the ceremony, teenage girls in the village walk around the streets with colorful dolls in their hands as they sing, and the residents sprinkle water on them and give them gifts.
such as Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Fitr, and especially the Prophet's birth, are among the great Kurdish festivals.
Kurdish Costumes What makes the Kurdish costomes more special than the other
is the colorful fabrics and beautiful dresses of Kurdish men and women. This costume includes Clothing, scarfs and local shoes. The use of each of these components will vary depending on the season, type of work, ceremony and celebration. In terms of fabric texture of Saqez area and in terms of fabrication of Kalash and Galesh the Ouramanat and Shahu mountain ranges such as Paveh, Kheneh Valley, Wazil are the major exporting areas of fabric and footwear in the province. Marivan, as the city of Kalash in 2018, was registered by UNESCO and is one of the creative cities of Iran alongside
Kurdish dance is one of the most rooted dances in Iran; Pirshalyar ritual in the region of Huraman called Pirshalyar wedding ceremony is one of the oldest rituals rooted in Sufism, rotational motions which are a kind of arch motions with emphasis on the interplay between motional elements. Dance and the semantic systems called Sama dance. Kurdish dance performs as a group dance that brings men and women together that shows equality and brotherhood and gives the dance a beautiful meaning.
The Kurdistan region with a clear transparency of the Sirwan river in Huraman and Lake Zarivar a with a rich culture dating back 8000 BC to the land of colors and
and the beautiful religious dance and rituals is the crown gem of western Iran, one should takes its spring along the Gavileh waterfall on the road to Mariwan one of the must see roads in Iran
and spend the summer at Lake Zarivar, one of the most famous and popular
destinations in Iran
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