Fars Province where is mostly known with its capital Shiraz, is famous as the cultural capital of Iran, with an area of 122,400 km, is located in the south of the country. The terrain of Fars is composed mostly of ridges that are prolongations of the Zagros Mountains.
The ancient region, known as Pars or Persis, was the heart of the Achaemenian Empire (559-330 BC), which was founded by Cyrus the Great and had its capital at Pasargadae. 'Darius I' moved the capital to nearby Persepolis in the late 6th or early 5th century BC. Alexander defeated the Achaemenian army at Arbela in 331 and burned Persepolis. Persis (Fars) became part of the Seleucid kingdom in 312 after Alexander’s death. The Parthian empire (247 BC-AD 224) of the Arsacids (corresponding roughly to the modern province of Khorasan in Iran) replaced the rule of the Seleucids in Persis during 170-138 BC. The Sassanid empire (224-651 AD) had its capital at Istakhr. Not until the 18th century, under the Zand dynasty (1750-79 AD) of southern Iran, did Fars again became the heart of an empire, this time with its capital at Shiraz. It is known as the city of literature, poets, wins and flowers with unique souvenirs like: Faloudeh, Masqati, Distillates and etc.
Among the handicrafts the following crafts could be mentioned: marquetry, tile working, carpet weaving, and carpentry. Major industries such as electronics, oil refinery, petroleum complex, cement factory, tire production, dairy products and textile manufacturing.
Agriculture and the herding of sheep are important occupations, while carpet weaving still continues.
The following monuments are the most and the best about all you want to know about the history of Iran: Eram Garden, Pasargad (Kourosh Tomb), Hafez Tomb, Sa'di Tpmb, Vakil Bazzar, Qur'an Gate (Darvazeh Qur'an),Vakil Bath , Karim Khan Citadel and Nasirol molk Mosque.